"This guide to bed bug prevention provides tips for how to prevent bed bugs at home, in an apartment, at school, when shopping and when traveling.
We also provide tips for how to prevent bed bugs from biting and ways to keep them from spreading into your home or apartment."
Video: Bed Bug Prevention Using a Home or Apartment Heater
Video featuring how a home heat chamber called a ThermalStrike can be used to kill 100% of all bed bugs from luggage, hard to treat items and things brought into the home.
General bed bug prevention Tips
Learn how to inspect items brought into the home for bed bugs.
bring used or second hand furniture, mattresses, box springs or
upholstered furniture found on the street back into your home.
Enclose a mattress or box spring in a bed bug mattress cover. This will trap any bed bugs inside the mattress.
If you purchase second hand clothing, transport in a sealed plastic bin and wash immediately in hot water followed by 20 to 30 minutes in the dryer.
Bed bugs are spread when they hitch a ride on a traveler or a used item,
and then are carried into the home. They can also spread in an
apartment building from unit to unit through cracks in the walls and
openings for pipes. Some general bed bug prevention tips are to:
Climbup Interceptors are an inexpensive way to monitor a room and trap bed bugs before they climb onto a bed. They will act as a protector for the bed.
Always check rented furniture or furniture that has been stored in a storage facility for bed bugs
When you travel, leave your suitcases closed, do not unpack and leave suitcase on a raised item such as a desk or luggage rack. Consider bed bug proof luggage. Inspect hotel rooms for bed bugs. Inspect and vacuum suitcases when you get home. Inspect luggage with a flashlight when returning home.
Only pack clothes that you can machine wash or bring directly to a dry cleaner.
you were at a friends house that had bed bugs, remove clothes and place
into a plastic bag as soon as possible before entering home (do it in a
garage or just when you enter). Wash on hot water.
Seal all cracks in walls with caulk to prevent bed bugs from traveling through walls from adjacent rooms or apartments.
If in an apartment use door stops to eliminate gaps under doors.
Eliminate potential hiding spots such as clutter. Use power outlet covers to eliminate bed bugs that hide in the outlet holes.
Frequently vacuum since the vacuum will pick up bed bugs. Empty the vacuum bag in a sealed bag and remove from home.
Monitor you home with ClimpUp Interceptors. These are inexpensive trays that go under each bed leg. Bed bugs climb into the interceptor but cannot get out.
Bed Bug Prevention when traveling is helped by keeping luggage elevated and away from walls and furniture. Ziploc Big Bags can protect smaller pieces of luggage or used inside the luggage to protect clothes.
Office bed bug prevention tips
Vacuum the entire office every day to pick up any bed bugs.
Inspect office furniture for signs of bed bugs such a red marks or black/brown feces.
Reduce office clutter to eliminate places where bed bugs can hide.
all packages or deliveries. Particularly inspect furniture which may
come from a truck which earlier carried used items from an infested home
Educate employees on the importance of reporting any
problems. It is not uncommon for bed bugs to be brought into the office
Stores are not immune from bed bug infestations. They could spread bed
bugs via trucks that are shared with other companies, or items that were
brought home to an infested home and then returned.
Inspect any clothes you are trying on for signs of bed bugs. People that return merchandise may live in an infested home spreading bed bugs to the store or other items. Look for actual insects, blood stains or fecal marks.
Check clothing seams for hiding insects. Look for the insects or small white bed bug eggs that are glued to the fabric surface.
Check dressing rooms for bed bugs. Look at cracks and crevices, particularly around dressing room mirrors.
Do not put clothing down on ground or dressing room bench.
Seal any packages after purchase as best you can. Keep bags off floor and away from walls.
Infestations in hotels and motels is one of the leading causes for the spread of bed bugs. Travelers spread bed bugs that are hiding in public transportation (buses, planes), and that then hitch a ride on the unsuspecting traveler. According to the National Pest Management Association, 75% of exterminators have treated a hotel based infestation.(1)
Video: How to Inspect A Room for BedBugs
Our number 1 tip for bed bug prevention is to inspect every room. The easiest way to spot bed bugs is to look for red marks or brown/black fecal marks.
How to Prevent Bed Bugs in a Hotel
Leave your luggage outside the hotel or motel room until it is inspected.
Ask about any bed bug treatments when checking in.
Pull back the mattress covering and blankets on one corner. Inspect the exposed mattress for any signs of bed bugs such as blood, live insects, or brown/black fecal stains. If you see any stains, request that a manager inspect the room. Do not stay in any room adjacent to a room that has been recently treated.
Once you inspect the room, bring in the luggage.
Place luggage on racks (off the floor) and at least 2" from any walls. Keep luggage zipped. Consider using a bed bug proof luggage.
Upon returning home, place clothes directly into the washing machine. Wash in hot water followed by 20 to 30 minutes in the dryer. Do not carry clothes through the home to avoid dropping any insects along the way.
Like hotels, colleges are places with many travelers. 46% of exterminators have worked in a college dorm.(1)
Inspect all dorm rooms before moving in. Look around mattress seams.
Ask the College Life office if there have been any bed bug problems.
Inspect all items before bringing them into your home. Keep in a garage, and unpack there. Vacuum the luggage and bag all clothes for carrying to the washing machine.
Avoid purchasing 2nd had mattresses and furniture that have not been thoroughly inspected.
Consider treating all items in a ThermalStrike before bringing into the home.
Summer camp prevention
Like college dormitories, sleep away camps can have a similar problem with bed bugs. Our camp prevention tips include:
Inquire about any bed bug problems when arriving at camp.
Inspect any mattresses for signs of bed bugs. Use a credit card pulled along any seams to see if an insects are dislodged.
Zip any suitcases and enclose in a Ziploc big bag or other sealed bag.
Upon returning home keep all items in a garage or outside the home until they are inspected. Place all clothes in a sealed plastic bag and then wash in hot water followed by 20 to 30 minutes in the dryer.
furniture and How To prevent bed bugs from spreading
Bed bugs like hiding spots that are either wood or paper. They also prefer porous surfaces.
Replace wooden bed frames with metal to discourage bed bug hiding places.
Remove headboards that are attached to a wall. Bed bugs like to hide in the surrounding spaces between headboard and wall.
Clean pillows and bedding in a dryer on the high heat setting.
Use only light colored sheets so that you can easily spot any red, brown or black markings.
Do not buy wicker furniture since this provides gaps for bed bugs to hide.
bed bug identification
One of the challenges of bed bugs is knowing if you have na infestation. The following pictures will help you determine if you have a bed bug problem.
Bed Bug Signs
Bed Bugs are visible to the human eye. To avoid bed bugs while sleeping follow tips such as wearing clothing over all skin areas, keep blankets off the floor, and keep the bed at least 2 inches from any wall.
Bed Bug eggs attached to wood surface in an apartment with a natural "glue"
Bed Bug Skins are Shed as They Move From One LifeStage to Another
Bed Bugs Fecal Matter Can Be Found on Walls, Bedding and Floors
Bed Bugs Blood Spots
How To avoid bed bugs when sleeping
If you believe you have a bed bug infestation, take these steps to reduce the number of insects.
Vacuum the room, particularly around the headboard and bed.
Clean the headboard with cleaners found in the home. Look for white bed bug eggs stuck to fabric or wood surfaces.
Wear tight fitting clothing that covers the skin. Wear socks with the ends over the pajama bottoms.
bed bug prevention sprays and products
There are two types of bed bug sprays that will help to prevent bed bugs from spreading. One type of spray will kill bed bugs and eggs on contact. A second type of spray leaves an invisible field that will kill bed bugs as they cross through it. When treating an infestation usually both types are used. They can be economically purchased in a bed bug kit.
To create a field of protection we suggest a product such as Phantom spray. It has been tested against insecticide resistant insects. If you also want a mattress safe knock down spray, use Sterifab, which has also been tested.
Bed Bug Prevention Products
In terms of bed bug prevention products we suggest:
Caulk Gun: To fill in any cracks where bed bugs may had or pass between apartments. Also consider a strip at the bottom of each door. Both of these tips are helpful for how to prevent bed bugs in an apartment.
Diatomaceous Dust: application of a thin dust layer that clings to bed bugs as they move through the dust field. When applying use a duster and mouth covering. This is one of our best tips for how to prevent bed bugs naturally.
Vacuum: vacuum live insects to reduce the size of the insect population.